Samuels ended day one unbeaten on 107, with 15 fours from 225 balls, while captain Sammy was 88 not out.
Nottingham: A century from Marlon Samuels and the highest ever Test score by Darren Sammy dragged West Indies back into the second Test with England at Trent Bridge, steering the tourists to 304 for 6 at stumps on Friday.
Samuels ended day one unbeaten on 107, with 15 fours from 225 balls, while captain Sammy was 88 not out, after an aggressive innings spanning 121 balls, with a six and 13 fours. James Anderson took 2 for 58 and Stuart Broad 2 for 59.
West Indies have never lost a Test at Trent Bridge, but that record looked in danger when they slumped to 136 for 6 after winning the toss and choosing to bat. The tourists made two changes to the side that lost the first Test at Lord's, bringing in Shane Shillingford and Ravi Rampaul for Fidel Edwards and Shannon Gabriel.
England captain Andrew Strauss, who named an unchanged side, admitted he would have batted given the choice, but it looked like a reasonable toss to lose when three wickets fell in the first hour. In the fourth over Broad produced a delivery that bounced up sharply and Adrian Barath sent it straight to second slip, where Anderson took an excellent one-handed catch to dismiss the opener for a duck.
Kirk Edwards was lucky to survive in the next over when he edged an Anderson delivery and was put down by the third slip Tim Bresnan, who dived in front of Graeme Swann when the latter was arguably better placed. Edwards scored just 7 before he was clean bowled in the ninth over by Anderson, who produced an inswinger that found a gap between bat and pad and smashed the middle and off stumps.
Darren Bravo fell in the 15th over, caught by Swann at second slip off Anderson for just three and Chanderpaul made a nervous start, sending the first ball he faced off his arm guard to the boundary before bisecting the slip cordon with an edge in Anderson's next over.
Kieran Powell had looked well set, but on 33 he wafted at a Broad delivery and was caught in the slips by Anderson. Samuels was on 1 when he was adjudged lbw to Bresnan, but he successfully referred the decision and looked increasingly confident in surviving to lunch.
West Indies resumed on 84 for 4 and made painfully slow progress in the first hour of the afternoon session - the first 10 overs yielded just seven runs, and included six maidens. The 50 partnership came from 152 balls and the building pressure eventually told when Chanderpaul fell in the 46th over.
Swann trapped the batsman on the back pad and although Chanderpaul was initially given not out the decision was overturned on referral. Denesh Ramdin lasted for just nine balls before he lost his off stump to Bresnan for 1, but after stuttering to 154 for 6 at tea, West Indies fought back at the start of the evening session, with both Samuels and Sammy playing their shots as they compiled the biggest stand of the innings.
Sammy hit Swann for the first six of the series over extra cover, then smashed Jonathan Trott through mid-on to pass his previous highest test score of 61. After 90 minutes without even the sniff of a wicket England took the new ball as soon as it became available, but although Anderson caused Sammy some problems the anticipated breakthrough never came and Samuels brought up his third Test century when he glanced Anderson to third man in the penultimate over.
By the close of play Samuels and Sammy had put on an unbroken stand of 168 for the seventh wicket, a West Indies record at Trent Bridge.