The previous record holder was New Zealand's Brendon McCullum, who hit 123 off just 58 balls against Bangladesh in Pallekele during the 2012 ICC World Twenty20.
In just his second international innings, South Africa's Richard Levi smashed the record books with a 45-ball 117, the quickest in T20 internationals with a then-record 13 sixes.
Chris Gayle scored the first century in Twenty20 internationals, against South Africa in the first match of the inaugural World Twenty20 in 2007. His 10 sixes in his knock of 117 was double the previous record of five in a T20I.
McCullum's 56-ball 116*, laced with 12 fours and eight sixes, against Australia in 2010 was at the time the second-highest score after Gayle. (Getty Images)
In 2011, Sri Lanka's Tillakaratne Dilshan smashed an innovative 104 off 57 balls (12 fours, five sixes) to beat Sri Lanka. (Associated Press)
In 2012, Martin Guptill returned from a bout of illness with a brutal innings against South Africa, reaching his maiden T20I century from 69 balls and sealing victory. (Gallo Images)
At the 2010 World Twenty20, Suresh Raina became the first Indian and third batsman to score a T20I century. His 60-ball 101 set up a 14-run win over South Africa. (Getty Images)
A sublime Mahela Jayawardene converted the 2010 World Twenty20's fastest fifty into a 64-ball 100 to help Sri Lanka crush Zimbabwe. (Getty Images)
In 2012, Richie Berrington scored the seventh T20I hundred as his Scotland secured their first international win against a Full Member with a 34-run victory over Bangladesh. Berrigton reached his hundred in 55 balls to become the first Associate batsman to reach three figures in T20Is. (ICC)
Australia opener Aaron Finch broke the world record for highest score in T20Is, as well as the most sixes in an innings (14) against England at Southampton. (Getty Images)