The summer of 1956 belonged to England offspinner Jim Laker, who took 46 wickets in five Tests. He snared 19 in the Old Trafford Test as England retained the Ashes.
Australia drubbed England 4-1 on the return tour, a series was marred by persistent complaints about the actions of several Australian bowlers. Richie Benaud took the most wickets (31) while leading the hosts to victory.
The 1953 Ashes series was won by hosts England 1-0. Victory was sealed in the fifth Test, with Denis Compton and Bill Edrich sealing an eight-wicket win at The Oval.
England toured Australia in 1954-55 and won the series 3-1. Fast bowler Frank Tyson topped the bowling list with 28 wickets.
Benaud played a crucial role as Australia regained the Ashes in 1961 in England. On the last day of the Old Trafford Test, he took 5 for 12 in 25 balls as Australia snatched a 54-run win.
Australia's Alan Davidson gave England plenty of trouble during the drawn 1962-63 Ashes, taking 24 wickets at 20.00 in his final series. His 9 for 81 was the difference at the SCG where Australia leveled the series with an eight-wicket win.
The 1964 Ashes was a damp affair, with rain having a say in almost each Test of the summer. The only result of the series came at Headingley where Peter Burge rescued Australia from 187 for 7 with 160 to set them on the way to a seven-wicket victory.
Australia retained the Ashes courtesy a 1-1 draw in 1965-66. England took the lead by Australia roared back at Adelaide to tie the series, with skipper Bob Simpson scoring 225 to set the platform for an innings victory.
Australia had ensured they would take the little urn home in 1968, but on the final day of the series at The Oval, Derek Underwood claimed seven wickets to bowl England to an amazing win.
Ray Illingworth led England to a remarkable 2-0 Ashes success on a tough tour in 1970-71, highlighted by bad tempers and plenty of aggressive fast bowling. Here, Illingworth is lifted onto the shoulders of his team-mates after victory in the seventh Test in Sydney.
The 1972 series was drawn 2-2 to ensure England kept the Ashes. That summer will forever be linked with Australian quick Bob Massie, who on debut took 8 for 84 and 8 for 53 to bowl his team level after they had been beaten at Old Trafford.
The fast bowling pair of Dennis Lillee (25 wickets) and Jeff Thomson (33) terrorised England in the 1974-75 Ashes as Australia won 4-0.
Australia were the winners of the only result of the hastily-arranged series in the summer of 1975 to reclaim the urn. Lillee took seven wickets in an innings win in the first Test at Edgaston.
The Ashes were not at stake in the one-off Test in 1976-77 at the MCG to commemorate the first-ever Test exactly 100 years earlier, but Australia won an epic by 45 runs thanks largely to Lillee's 11 wickets. Here, he fells the Man of the Match, Derek Randall.
England regained the Ashes in 1977 in a summer overshadowed by the Packer affair and World Series Cricket. Recalled at Trent Bridge Test after three years, Geoffrey Boycott exceeded all expectations by scoring 107 and 80 not out in a seven-wicket win.
On the 1978-79 tour of Australia, England triumphed 5-1. Ian Botham took 23 wickets in the series, the joint-highest for England alongside Geoff Miller.