Thiruvananthapuram: Almost 90 per cent of households in Kerala have telephone connections (land line or mobile) in 2011, a staggering rise over the 19.1 per cent in 2001, according to the house listing and housing Census conducted ahead of the Census 2011. The detailed figures, released here by the census directorate, revealed that households in Kottayam district had the highest number of telephones at 93.90 per cent, while the least was in the hilly Wayanad district (8.6 per cent).
The figures also revealed that the number of radios had fallen to 29.70 per cent in 2011, from 59.20 per cent in 2001. However, 76.80 per cent of the homes were found to have a TV set and 15.70 per cent had a computer. It was also found out that while just 51.10 per cent availed of banking facility in 2001, the figure had shot up to 74.20 per cent in 2011.
The number of houses had also increased 19.90 per cent since 2001, touching 11,217,853 houses, of which 1,189,144 houses were vacant. Ernakulam district led with 1,174,691 houses and Wayanad came last with just 277,988 houses. Of the total, 66.30 per cent were in "good" condition, 28.40 per cent in "livable" category and 5.30 per cent "dilapidated".
It was found out that in 68.50 per cent households there was just one family, while in 13.80 per cent, there were two families and in 15 per cent, there were no couples at all.
As far as vehicles were concerned, 24.10 per cent owned a two wheeler, and 10.20 per cent had a four wheeler.
Meanwhile, 61.90 per cent were using firewood as fuel for cooking, and 35.80 per cent of homes had a cooking gas cylinder.
Deputy director of census operations A.N. Rajeev said that the socio-economic-caste census would commence in the state by the the next month and would be finished by the end of May. "The data that is going to be generated through this census is basically meant to help the state government to make its plan when it comes to identifying castes and other social indicators of the households," he said.
Rajeev said that the data collection would be done by the enumerators equipped with a hand-held device and once the data is fed, only the supervisor would have access to it. "Before it is finalised, barring the caste, other details would be displayed in every village council for people to make any correction, if required," he said.