Concord: Mitt Romney cruised to a solid victory in the New Hampshire primary on Tuesday night, picking up steam from his first-place finish in the lead-off Iowa caucuses and firmly establishing himself as the man to beat for the Republican presidential nomination.
"Tonight we made history," Romney told cheering supporters before pivoting to a stinging denunciation of President Barack Obama. "The middle class has been crushed," in the past three years, he said, "our debt is too high and our opportunities too few" - remarks that made clear he intends to be viewed as the party's nominee in waiting after only two contests.
His rivals said otherwise, looking ahead to South Carolina on Jan. 21 as the best place to stop the former Massachusetts governor. Already, several contenders and committees supporting them had put down heavy money to reserve time for television advertising there.
Even so, the order of finish - Ron Paul second, followed by Jon Huntsman, Newt Gingrich and Rick Santorum - scrambled the field and prolonged the increasingly desperate competition to emerge as the true conservative rival to Romney.
Romney fashioned his victory despite a sustained assault by rivals eager to undermine his claim as the contender best situated to beat Obama and help reduce the nation's painfully high unemployment. Gingrich led the way, suggesting at one point that Romney was a corporate raider, rhetoric that the front-runner's defenders said was more suitable to a Democratic opponent than a conservative Republican.
Returns from 52 per cent of New Hampshire precincts showed Romney with 37 per cent of the vote, followed by Texas Rep Paul with 23 per cent, former Utah Governor Huntsman with 17 per cent and former House Speaker Gingrich and former Pennsylvania Sen. Santorum with 10 per cent each. With his victory, Romney became the first Republican to sweep the first two contests in competitive races since Iowa gained the lead-off spot in presidential campaigns in 1976.
Romney won in Iowa by a scant eight votes over Santorum, and gained barely a quarter of the vote there.
On Tuesday, he battled not only his rivals but also high expectations as the ballots were counted, particularly since his pursuers had virtually conceded New Hampshire, next-door to the state Romney governed for four years.
Seeking to undercut Romney's victory, Gingrich and others suggested in advance that anything below 40 per cent or so would indicate weakness by the nomination front-runner.
They didn't mention that Senator John McCain's winning percentage in the 2008 primary was 37 per cent.
Romney's win was worth at least four delegates to the Republican National Convention next summer. Paul earned at least two delegates and Huntsman at least one. Another four remained to be awarded, based on final vote totals.
"Tonight we celebrate," Romney told his supporters. "Tomorrow we go back to work."
Rightly so. Already, candidates and political action committees aligned with them were reserving enormous amounts of television time for the first-in-the-South primary in little more than a week.
Unlike Iowa and New Hampshire, where unemployment is well below the national average, joblessness is far higher in South Carolina. That creates a different political environment for the race.
Texas Governor Rick Perry, who skipped New Hampshire to get a head start in South Carolina, said on Tuesday's results showed "the race for a conservative alternative to Mitt Romney remains wide open."
Huntsman had staked his candidacy on a strong showing in New Hampshire, and he announced after the polls closed that he had passed his own test. "Where we stand is a solid position and we go south from here," he said.
About one-third of Republican voters interviewed as they left their polling places said the most important factor in choosing a candidate was finding someone who could defeat Obama in the fall. Romney won their support overwhelmingly.
He ran even with Huntsman among the one-quarter of the voters who cited experience as the most important factor in selecting a candidate to support.
Paul ran first among voters who cited moral character or true conservatism.
As was the case last week in Iowa, the economy was the issue that mattered most to voters, 61 per cent of those surveyed. Another 24 per cent cited record federal deficits.
Romney carried the first group and split the second with Paul.
The survey results came from interviews conducted for The Associated Press and the television networks with 2,636 voters across the state. It had a margin of sampling error of plus or minus 3 percentage points.
New Hampshire has a rich history of humbling favorites, front-runners and even an occasional incumbent.
The state's Republican voters embarrassed President George H.W. Bush in 1992, when he won but was held to 53 per cent of the vote against Pat Buchanan, running as an insurgent in difficult economic times. Buchanan, who never held public office, won the primary four years later over Sen Bob Dole of Kansas, who was the nominee in the fall.
In 2000, national front-runner George W. Bush rolled into the state after a convincing first-place finish in Iowa but wound up a distant second behind McCain. Bush later won the GOP nomination and then the presidency.
Twelve Republican National Convention delegates were at stake on Tuesday, out of 1,144 needed to win the nomination.
Obama was unopposed in the Democratic primary.
The state has about 232,000 registered Republicans, 223,000 Democrats and 313,000 voters who are undeclared or independent.
In his first presidential run in 2008, Romney finished second in the state to McCain. This time, he campaigned with the Arizona senator's endorsement, as well as backing from Sen. Kelly Ayotte and numerous other members of the state's Republican establishment.
Romney committed a pair of unforced errors in the campaign's final 48 hours, and the other contenders sought to capitalize.
On Sunday, after a pair of weekend debates only 12 hours apart, the millionaire former businessman said he understood the fear of being laid off. "There were a couple of times when I was worried I was going to get pink-slipped," he said, although neither he nor his aides offered specifics.
And on Monday, in an appearance before the Nashua Chamber of Commerce, Romney was discussing health insurance coverage when he said, "I like being able to fire people who provide services to me. If someone doesn't give me the good service I need, I'm going to go get somebody else to provide that service to me."
Huntsman, a former Utah governor, saw an opening. "Gov. Romney enjoys firing people. I enjoy creating jobs," he said.
And Gingrich said Bain Capital, the venture capital firm Romney once headed, "apparently looted the companies, left people totally unemployed and walked off with millions of dollars."
Romney has made his business experience a cornerstone of his presidential campaign, saying that Bain on balance created 100,000 jobs, and as a result, he understands how to help boost employment.
He sought to shrug off the attacks, saying he had expected them from Obama in the fall, but Gingrich and others had decided to go first. "Things can always be taken out of context," he said.